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MBA Projects


mbaprojects.pro is a blog for MBA course which supports students of different universities to complete their project requirements (summer projects, internships, assignments) on time. We provide all the information regarding the project report works what ever necessary. We have a separate team for giving full assistance to MBA students. We have tie ups with many companies and we provide live projects to the MBA students.

The consulting team at MBA Projects provides necessary assistance for MBA projects topics choice and ensures that every student gets the desired attention with intellectual support. MBA Projects support team renders complete MBA project report and formulates the MBA project report in a step by step manner.

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The Blog also focuses on the personality Development, Interview Techniques, Group Discussions, MBA Articles etc.

Our hope is to help students, their learning partners and administrators

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Finance Projects

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Suggested List of Topics for Sikkim Manipal University SMU MBA Program


A study of performance appraisal / performance management system in XYZ organisation 2. Assessment of role stress amongst the employees of XYZ organisation 3. Job satisfaction survey at XYZ organisation 4. Competency mapping in an organisation 5. Training effectiveness in an organisation 6. Study of organisational culture OCTAPACE profile. 7. Motivational analysis of organization 8. A comparative study of team effectives in an organisation: Team effectiveness assessment measure. 9. A study of Compensation Management System 10. A detailed study of promotion and reward policy of organisations 11. A study of quality of work life in an organisation 12. Mapping training needs of employees: Training Need Analysis PROJECT TOPICS RELATED TO MARKETING 13. Formulation of Marketing Strategies to Improve Market Share of LG Microwave Ovens 14. Improving the Effectiveness & Efficiency of Operations at Cox & Kings India Ltd. 15. Demand Forecasting for Orion-ERP Package for ICICI InfoTech in Bangalore, based on Small & Medium Enterprises. 16. Developing a Service Delivery Model to Bridge the Gap between Services Expected & Provided by ICICI Home Loans. 17. Strategies for Increasing the Occupancy Rate of Taj West End Hotel, Bangalore 18. A Market Feasibility Study for New X-ray Machines from Wipro-GE Medical Systems 19. Distribution Mapping & Dealer Satisfaction Survey for Nokia Mobile Phones. 20. A Study of Marketing Strategies & Distribution Channels in North Karnataka for Cholamandalam Investment & Finance Company Ltd. 21. A Study to Improve Awareness level of Triraksha Welfare Scheme among Farmers for Tractors & Farm Equipment Ltd 22. A Study to Increase Penetration Level & Brand Loyalty among existing consumers of Samsung India Electronics Ltd. PROJECT TOPICS RELATED TO FINANCE 23. The Study of Indian Financial System: Post Liberalisation 24. The Impact of Global Recession on Information Technology Sector In India 25. The Impact of the Recent Global Economic Slump on the Indian Capital Market 26. A Comparative Study of Bancassurance Products In Banks 27. A Comparative Study of Equity Linked Savings Schemes Floated by Domestic Mutual Fund Players 28. A Comparative Study of Cost Of Capital In Automobile/ Steel/ Pharma/ Finance Industry 29. A Comparative Study of Financial Performance of Banks Using Ratio Analysis 30. Profitability and Operational Efficiency of Public Sector Banks 31. Profitability and Operational Efficiency of Banks in India 32. A Study of Working Capital Management In Small Scale Industries 33. The Scope of Microfinance in the Indian Context. 34. Financial Inclusion- The Scope and Effect in the Indian Economy 35. Rural Banking in India 36. Dematerialisation – The Scope and Effect. 37. The Future of Investment Banks in the post- Lehman Brothers Era PROJECT TOPICS RELATED TO INFORMATION SYSTEMS 38. Role of software agents as a collaborative tool – E-commerce 39. Hospital Management System - Database Approach, Mangala Hospital, Hassan 40. Automation of Banking Database, XYZ Bank. 41. Automation of Customer Relation Database, A SAP Product 42. A Study on Electronic Data Storage- Steel Factory, Mumbai 43. A Webpage Design using JAVA-Google Page PROJECT TOPICS RELATED TO MBA - HCS 44. A Study on the Identification of High Risk Groups Prone to Spinal Disorders /Diabetes-/Heart Attacks (or any other lifestyle condition) and Corresponding Prevention Recommendations 45. A Study on the Wellness Practices in a Target Group (MNC Employees, School Children and Older Adults) and Recommendations on Wellness Practices 46. A Study on the Identification of Causes of Delays in In-patient Discharges and Recommendations to Avoid Delays and Increase Patient Satisfaction 47. A Comparative Study on Patient Satisfaction in (Executive Suites, VIP Suites, Out-patient Department, General Ward, Laboratory Services, etc.) and Recommendations to Increase Patient Satisfaction 48. A Study on Patient Satisfaction in Any One Department in a Multi-specialty Hospital. (Health Screening Dept, In-house Pharmacy, Outpatient Services, Billing, etc.) 49. A Study on the Identification of Causes of Delays in Patient Transfer (Internal/ External) and Recommendations to Decrease Waiting Time and Increase Patient Satisfaction 50. A Comparative Study on Waiting Time in Various Hospital Departments and Recommendations to Decrease Waiting Time (Outpatient Dept, Billing, etc.) 51. A Study on Job Satisfaction of Nurses /Paramedic Staff in ICU /Operation Theatre /Wards, etc., and Corresponding Recommendations to Improve Job Satisfaction 52. A Study of Sickness Absenteeism Among Various Groups of Hospital Employees (Nurses, Housekeeping Staff, Ward Boys, CSSD employees, Doctors, etc.). A comparative study of the same may also be done. 53. A Study on Work Safety for Employees in the Radiology Department / Waste Disposal Department /Lab /Housekeeping, etc., and Corresponding Recommendations to Improve Work Safety. A comparative study may also be undertaken between the departments. 54. A Study on Waste Disposal Management in a Hospital and Recommendations for Safe Disposal 55. A Study on Hospital Acquired Infections and Prevention Recommendations 56. A Study on the Efficiency of CSSD (or any other department of a multi-specialty hospital) 57. A Cost Analysis Study in General Ward (or any other department) of a Hospital to Develop User Charges 58. A Comparative Study on Cost Analysis of the Various Departments in a Hospital and Cost-cutting Recommendations 59. A Study on Formulation of Marketing Strategies to Promote a Healthcare Service (e.g., ‘Women Wellness Check-up’ Promotions) 60. A Study on Involvement of Doctors /Nurses /Paramedics in Rural Healthcare and Suggestions to Improve Involvement 61. A Study on Medical Representative Triumphs and Trials Recommendation to Improve Liaison of Medical Reps and Doctors 62. A Comparative Study of In-house Pharmacy and Retail Pharmacy 63. A Study on the Identification of the Causes of Delays in Cashless Hospitalisation and Recommendations to Reduce Time Lags PROJECT TOPIC RELATED TO PROJECT MANAGEMENT 64. A study on the effectiveness of Project Management in Mining 65. Importance of Human Resource Management in construction projects 66. A study on controlling risks in construction projects 67. Project Cost Estimation for software projects 68. A study on software project management practices with special reference to embedded systems 69. A study on quality management/assurance for software projects ion 70. Effect of project risk on project performance : A study at XYZ Inc. 71. Validity of feasibility studies in Infrastructure Projects 72. Comparative Study of Project Management Software- MS project and Primavera 73. A Study on Risk Factors Involved In Outsourcing IT Projects 74. Role of Earned Value Analysis in Project Management 75. Risk analysis and management in IT projects PROJECT TOPIC RELATED TO INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MANAGEMENT 76. Market entry strategies and programs for a particular sector/ Company/ Product 77. Cross cultural issues and managing cross border teams 78. Strategies adopted by MNCs to cope with Indian brands 79. Impact of FDI on any particular sector 80. Multinational mergers and acquisitions 81. HR policies – Global and Local 82. Transfer pricing- issues and government policies 83. Impact of HRM practices on operational performance in MNCs 84. Changes in banking industry after incorporation of FEMA PROJECTS TOPICS FOR MBA – TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT 85. Implementation of 5 ‘S’ in manufacturing companies in XXXXX city/ town/state 86. Quality Management in Software Industry – A Study 87. Process Capability Study in BPO companies 88. A Study on Continuous Improvement Process in XXXXXXX Company 89. Effectiveness of Six sigma Projects – A Study 90. Application of Quality Control tools – A Study 91. Cost reduction through Quality Approach – A study 92. A Study on Just In Time in XXXXXXX Company 93. Total Productive maintenance in manufacturing Companies –A Study 94. Customer Satisfaction through TQM Approach – A Study 95. Quality Management in Healthcare sector – A Study 96. A Study on Statistical Process Control in specific manufacturing Company 97. Application of QFD in Service Industries 98. Impact of Application of FMEA in Manufacturing Industries in the city of XXXXXXX 99. A study on quality management in XXXXXXX bank 100. A study on TQM implementation in hospital 101. A Study on TQM implementation in service industries 102. Measuring quality in service sectors 103. SPC and its application in service industries 104. A study on effectiveness of TQM implementation in XXXXXXX industry 105. Improving quality in small and medium scale industries PROJECT TOPICS RELATED TO RETAIL OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT 106. A study on Indian organized retail sector 107. Effectiveness of promotional schemes in Retail stores 108. Study of retail store operations 109. Emerging retail formats and strategies 110. Role of FDI in Indian retail sector 111. A study on retail consumer behaviour-personal, social & cultural 112. A study on Loyalty programs in organized retail sector 113. A study on changing consumer preferences towards organized retailing from unorganized retailing 114. A study on strategies for promoting retailers brand 115. An analysis of possible strategies for successful internet based customer services in retail 116. Measuring the effectiveness of display system in retail industry 117. Retail outlet mapping of retail stores & shopping malls 118. Study on private labels Vs. national brands 119. A study on effective Supply Chain practices in organized retail sector 120. Impact of retail IT application on effective store operations 121. Best HR practices in organized retail sector 122. A study on customer relationship management practices in retail store 123. A study on effective retail project management 124. Analysis of training needs assessment of retail sales executives 125. A study on pricing strategies followed by successful retailers. 126. To analyse visual merchandising and space planning in a mall 127. To identify significance of CRM in retail sector 128. A study of automotive retail management structure in an organization PROJECT TOPICS RELATED TO OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT 129. A study on Total Quality Management at XYZ Company 130. A study on ERP selection process in SME’s 131. A study on Production and inventory control 132. A study on the role of internet in supply chains 133. Analysis and design of service operations using waiting lines 134. Computer Aided Management 135. Impact of TPM practices on production performance 136. Effect of six sigma on manufacturing performance 137. A study on Quality Measurement in Service Operations 138. Role of Artificial Intelligence in manufacturing 139. Aggregate Planning and Master Production Schedule PROJECT TOPICS RELATED TO BANKING MANAGEMENT 140. Analysis of SARFESAI Act on NPAs on banks 141. Mergers and Acquisitions in Indian banks 142. Securitisation in Indian banks 143. Study of Management of NPAs in SBI Bank (any bank)- strategies for Recovery 144. Risk Management in Indian Banks 145. Project finance management services by banks 146. A Case study of Merchant banking services by banks 147. Financial Performance (analysis) of banks - by Financial statement analysis like ratio analysis, trend analysis, Balance sheet analysis for the last five years 148. Study of Investment and Portfolio management services 149. A Case Study Of Selected Banks In Public & Private Sector Operating In India With reference to Products and Services 150. A study on Asset- Liability Management using Gap analysis (sophisticated techniques can also be used, provided if branches are using) 151. Study of Retail Banking products and services-Customer satisfaction at branch a. Study of retail liability products such as deposits b. Study of Retail asset products such as loans, overdrafts in branches 152. Study of Working capital Management in Indian banks 153. Impact of internet banking system or Impact of Technology on Indian banks 154. An appraisal of Institutional banking services to SME sector 155. Study on Credit risk management practices in banks 156. Ratio analysis (comparative study) of SBI & ICICI bank (any two banks) 157. Performance of EXIM bank –products and services 158. Forfaiting and Factoring services by Banks 159. A study on Foreign exchange risk exposure in banks

Pondicherry University MBA Project Guidelines

The rationale behind this practical Course is to: Ø Expose you to the various operational and practical aspects of business. Ø Help you to apply the concepts learned in the theory classes & Ø Sharpen your writing skills. How to go about Project Work? Considering the importance of Project Work for an MBA program as well as the limitations in the distance learning exercise, the Directorate has drawn the following guidelines: Ø The Project should be carried out under a Guide/ Project supervisor. Ø Project can be guided by any Post Graduate degree holder with/without a Doctorate Degree working in academic institutions (Preferably teaching MBA / M Com level programmes) or Industrial Enterprises or Banks or Financial Institutions with knowledge in guiding MBA Project Work. Ø Project Work could be : l A Field Survey, l Comprehensive Case study on the functioning of a business unit/ organization, -10- -3- l Inter-organizational study, l Application of optimization techniques for business decisions, l Computer systems development for business operations Ø Choose any organization of your choice, preferably a medium sized or a large enterprise and approach its HR manager / PRO for necessary permission. Ø Description of Objectives of the Study, Methodology, Statistical data analysis and Report preparation should conform to the standard research norms. Ø Visits the selected organization & Ø Collect information either through structured questionnaire / interview schedule. Collection of information/ data needs to be done in consultation with your Project Guide. Topic / Areas of the Project Work You are advised to carry out the Project Work only in the area of your MBA specialization. The Report After collecting the necessary information from primary and secondary sources, students are advised to discuss with the Project Guide for interpretation of the data and report preparation. Your compliance with the following format may enrich the quality of the Report. Chapter I : Introduction and the Design of the study This Chapter may contain a brief background of the problem and contemporary developments thereof. Brief Review of Literature, Objectives of the study, Methodology and Sample Sample “Citation” Citation Published Journal Articles In case of Published Journal article, the logical order of citing a reference is, first authors name, title of the research paper, name of the journal, year of publication, volume number and issue number, year of publication and the pages of the said article in the given Journal. E.g.: 1. Anand, M., Ajay Arora., “Economic Value Added: Business Performance Measure of Share Holder Value”, The Management Accountant,, Vol. 25, No: 4, May 1999, p.25 2. Banerjee, Ashok and Jain S C., “Financial Variables: Measuring Performance”, Chartered Accountant, Vol. LX., No: 2, Feb 1999, pp. 65-73 Published Research Books In case of Published books the logical order is to start with author (s), year of publication, title of the book, name of the publisher, place of publication and page number referred. For example, 1. James R Gregory. (2004),“THE BEST OF BRANDING: BEST PRACTICES IN CORPORATE BRANDING”, Tata Mc Graw Hill Publishing Co Ltd, New Delhi, pp. 24-37 2. Sharma, DD.(2004), “ T O TA L QUALITY MANAGEMENT: PRINCIPLES, PRAC- TICE AND CASES”, Sultan Chand & Sons, New Delhi, pp. 312 325 -4- -9- selection, Research Design, Period of the study, sources of data, tools of data collection, Statistical analysis, broad hypotheses, limitations, etc. on the chosen topic establishing the need for the study on a scientific basis is desirable. Chapter II: Profile of the Study Unit This Chapter should contain the profile of the Company/ Industry relating to the topic of the Project. Chapter III: Empirical Results / Data analysis & Discussion relating to Objectives Logical presentation of the results of the study presented in tables, graphs and figures, if any, along with necessary interpretation forms part of this chapter. It can be given in two chapters also. Chapter IV: Summary and Conclusion The focus of this chapter is on broad observations made by the student against each objective specified in Chapter I, along with major conclusions drawn by the study. Appropriate suggestions for the policy makers / managers on future course of action are appreciated. Bibliography Every Project work should contain a list of books consulted for the topic studied. Research Reports, list of published research articles/ papers and popular books in the field of study may be documented in standard pattern. Whenever information /data is drawn from internet sources, please give the websites referred. Sample “Table of Contents” Table of Contents Acknowledgements Page No. Executive Summary List of Tables List of Figures I. Introduction and Design of the study 1.1 Concept Introduction 1.2 Problem of Study 1.3 Scope and Significance 1.4 Brief Review of Studies 1.5 Objectives of the Study 1.6 Research Design 1.7 Chapter Plan II. Profile of the Study Unit III. Analysis relating to Objective I IV. Analysis relating to Objective II V. Summary of Findings and Conclusion Appendices Bibliography Questionnaire Schedules -8- -5- Annexure Every Project Report should contain necessary annexure such as Proforma of Questionnaire/ Interview Schedule. Print Specifications The subject matter organized as above has to be neatly typed (with one and half line space) and submitted in hard bound form. You can type on both the sides of the page (back to back). Use only A4 size paper and the report may be within the range of 70 -100 pages. Cover Page and Certificates The Cover page of the Report must contain the title of the report, name of the student, program of study, enrolment number, etc. Every Project Report should contain : a) Declaration by the student stating that the said report has not formed part of any other degree / diploma and is a bonafide work carried out by the candidate. b) A certificate from the Project Guide on his/her letter head stating that the said work is original and the candidate has done under his/her supervision. Submission of the Project Report One printed copy of the PROJECT REPORT has be to be submitted to: The Controller of Examinations, Pondicherry University, Puducherry 605 014 by Registered post in a cover superscripted “Project Report DDE- MBA”. The Project Report should reach the Controller of Examinations within 15 days after the last examination of your forth Semester. Sample “Student's Declaration” Students' Declaration I, Mr./Ms ……….......…...…….…. hereby declare that the Project Work titled “Consumer Brand Preferences with regard to Decorative Paints (A comparative study of Asian Paints and Berger Paints)” is the original work done by me and submitted to the Pondicherry University in partial fulfilment of requirements for the award of Master of Business Administration in ……….........……….…. (Area of specialisation) is a record of original work done by me under the supervision of Dr/ Mr. Sri ……….......…….…….…. of ………......…..……….…. (Organization of the guide) Enrolment No : Date : Signature of the Student -6- -7- Sample title page Consumer Brand Preferences with Regard to Decorative Paints (A Comparative Study of Asian Paints and Berger Paints) Project Report (A Report Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Business Administration in Pondicherry University) Submitted by Mr./ Ms : ...................................................................... Enrolment No : ...................................................................... MBA : ...................................................................... Project Supervisor (Guide Name) (Designation) Directorate of Distance Education Pondicherry University Pondicherry 605 014 (Year of Submission) Sample “Certificate of the Guide” Certificate of the Guide This is to certify that the Project Work titled “ Consumer Brand Preferences with regard to Decorative Paints ( A Comparative study of Asian Paints and Berger Paints)” is a bonafide work of Mr./ Ms………………………….. Enroll No:…………….. Carried out in partial fulfilment for the award of degree of MBA:……………………. (specialisation) of Pondicherry University under my guidance. This project work is original and not submitted earlier for the award of any degree / diploma or associateship of any other University / Institution. Signature of the Guide Guide's seal* Place : Date : * For Academic Guide - Guide's seal should contain Name, Designation & Official address * For Industrial Guide Seal should contain Name, Academic Qualification, Designation & Official Address or the certificate should be in the official letter head.,

MBA Project Guidelines - Osmania University

1.      INTRODUCTION

As a student of Master of Business Administration (MBA) you are required to undertake a major individual piece of research work - the Project or Dissertation. In contrast to the other elements of your programme, where you are guided fairly closely, the aim of the Project is to give you the opportunity to learn independently and show that you can identify, define and analyse problems and issues and integrate knowledge in a business context. It is an important part of the programme that tests your ability to understand and apply the theory, the concepts and the tools of analysis to a specific problem situation. This project handbook has been compiled to clarify the framework of the project and suggest some ways of assuring success.

The only precise rule on what constitutes an acceptable project is that it should be an ordered critical exposition, which affords evidence of reasoning power and knowledge of the relevant literature in an approved field falling within the subject matter of the programme - Management. The emphasis should be on applied research and the investigation of some practical problem or issue related to the situation in which an organisation or system operates.

Please note that the project must not be treated as just another assignment.  The Project provides the opportunity to judge the student’s time and self-management skills and his/her ability to successfully undertake a long and in-depth study.  Hence it is not only the product that is important, but also the process itself.  Students must therefore ensure that they maintain regular contact with their supervisor and also that they provide the supervisor with drafts of their work at regular intervals. Finally, to keep yourself up-to-date and under control as regards your project, it is imperative that you meet your supervisor regularly.

  
2.      DEFINITIONS AND OVERVIEW OF PROJECT

The project is a practical, in-depth study of a problem, issue, opportunity, technique or procedure – or some combination of these aspects of business. Typically, you will be required to define an area of investigation, carve out research design, assemble relevant data, analyse the data, draw conclusions and make recommendations. Your project should demonstrate organisational, analytical and evaluative skills, and, where appropriate, an ability to design a suitable implementation and review procedure.

The project is the longest (24,000 words) and most original piece of work you will undertake in your post-graduate study. It will occupy, with varying degrees of commitment, a period of two semesters.


3.      GUIDELINES AND REQUIREMENTS FOR THE PROJECT

The purpose of the project is to give students the opportunity to carry out an in-depth study of an applied nature, synthesizing various elements, yet pursing one area of interest in depth. Your project report should make clear what you have attempted and why you have attempted it; the methods that you have used to collect, collate and analyze the information obtained; and how you have evaluated it. Any recommendations made should be supported by the evidence presented and by logical argument using deductive and inductive reasoning. For a Project to be of a high quality it is imperative to avoid detailed description devoid of analytical content. The assessment criteria for the Project are shown in the Project Grading Sheet attached as Appendix B to this Handbook. You should ensure through the entire period that you work on your project that it meets these requirements. 


4.      CHOOSING A TOPIC

Choosing your topic is probably the hardest thing you will do. The choice of topic is up to you, with guidance from your supervisor, but, he/ she is not there to make the decision for you. To a large extent, your ideas will be influenced by your situation.  If you are in employment you may be able to research into a real life problem or, if you are not employed, you may choose a more general business issue. In either case, initial ideas are likely to originate in a vague form and may lack a clear focus. These then need to be developed into something manageable and practical by consideration of available literature/ texts and discussion with your project supervisors once allocated.

4.1.   Most Project ideas come from:
  • Personal experience of employment: this is an obvious starting point for the project because in every organisation there would be some issue that can be researched into. An example of a project originating from this way could be an evaluation of the Training Department of your organisation or an evaluation of the performance appraisal systems used for salesmen in your organisation.

  • Observation of events: Personal observation of events in the organisation/ environment can serve as a starting point for a project idea. An example of this could be that as an employee you observe that the employee turnover in your organisation is very high and as your project you could research into the reasons for this and make suitable recommendations.

  • Issues of current interest: Reviewing key issues of broader relevance may be another useful indicator for a project idea. Specific consideration of the aspects of the effect of a government policy or a phenomenon on the performance of an organisation/segment/system may provide suitable ideas for a Project. You need to take care when dealing with issues such as these. It may be necessary to confine yourself to an aspect of the issue or you could find yourself tackling something that is too big to handle effectively and gives you a very wide project area, which inevitably lacks depth of analysis.

Whatever the source of your project idea, familiarity with the area is imperative for the successful completion of the project.

5.      SCOPE OF THE PROJECT

An acceptable project will normally fall into one of the following categories:

  • Exploratory- a study that involves carrying out original research in order to meet the organization’s continual need for new information for forward decision-making. The main issues may be human, economical, functional etc, but the construction and/or application of some kind of research instrument are the focus of the study. The analysis of the research findings (e.g. client’s responses to questionnaire about changing product specifications) should take place, resulting in proposals about how to manage relevant aspects of the organisation’s future.

  • Explanatory- a study, which would involve studying relationships between different variables like a cause & effect relationship study.

  • Descriptive- a study that would need an in-depth portrayal of an accurate profile of events or situations from the business environment.

6.      ORGANISATION OF PROJECT REPORT

This section presents some of the norms associated with a project. It is strongly recommended that you follow these guidelines. The final report should be presented in the following sequence:

v     Title page
v     Student’s Declaration  (Annexure-I)
v     Supervisor’s Certificate (Annexure-II)

v     Abstract

v     Acknowledgements

v     Table of Contents:

§         List of Tables

§         List of figures

§         List of Appendices

v     Chapter 1. Introduction:  This chapter includes the research problem, need for study/significance of the project, objectives, hypotheses, methodology – scope, sample design, sources of information, tools and techniques of analysis, structure of the study with sound justifications/explanations.

v     Chapter 2. Literature Review:  This chapter should reflect the student’s understanding of the relevant theoretical and empirical background of the problem.   Focus should be more on the logical presentation of the empirical evolution of conceptual and methodological issues pertaining to research problem.  Also highlight the methodological clues drawn through this review for your project.

v     Chapter 3. The company/Organisation/System: This chapter should contain a brief historical retrospect about the entity of your study.
 
v     Chapter 4 & 5:  Present your data analysis and inferences

v     Chapter 6. Summary and Conclusions: Gives an overview of the project, conclusions, implications and recommendations.  Also specify the limitations of your study.  You may indicate the scope for further research.

v     Bibliography: List the books, articles, websites that are referred and useful for research on the topic of your specific project.  Follow Harvard style of referencing.

v      Appendices


Your documents should be appropriately numbered. It is usual for Page 1 to start with the Introduction. The sections prior to the Introduction are usually numbered with small Romans, i.e. i, ii, iii. It is easier if appendices are numbered in a separate sequence (suggest A, B, C) rather than as a continuation of the main report.

While presentation follows this sequence, it may be actually written in a very different order. For example, the introduction is often the last major section to be completed.

6.1.   Title Page (example)

Keep it very simple. Do not describe the contents.  Have a working title and then decide a final title when you have finished the Project. This is the standard format of the Title Page that every student is expected to use.


6.2.   Abstract

This is a summary of about 300 words (not more than one side of double-spaced A4) that describes the topic; explains the aims and methods of the study and gives a brief resume of the main conclusions and recommendations.


6.3.   Acknowledgements

Here you have the opportunity to thank the various people who have helped in the development of the project. It might include specific individuals who have given information, offered insights, or generally been supportive. Gratitude may be expressed to groups of people, like those who were studied, or fellow students. Try not to be too flippant or too “soppy”!


6.4.   Table of Contents

The contents page gives the reader the first view of how the project is structured and how the author attempted to develop the topic. It lists sequentially the sections and major sub-divisions of the sections; each identified by a heading and located by a page number. The following box gives an example.

Table of Contents
CONTENTS                                                                          PAGE NUMBERS

List of Tables                                                                          i
List of Figures                                                                         ii

1. INTRODUCTION                                                             1
2. REVIEW OF LITERATURE                                            16      
3. THE COMPANY                                                               25

4. DATA ANALYSIS & PRESENTATION                                    40
      4.1 Presentation and Analysis                                           40
      4.2 Interpretations                                                             45

5. SUMMARY & CONCLUSIONS                                     50

6. BIBLIOGRAPHY                                                             60

7. APPENDICES                                                                   65
        Appendix A – Organisational structure of Bloggs Ltd  66
        Appendix B-                                                                   67

 
 



 Your precise structure will have to be tailored to the needs of your own projects. If in doubt, discuss with your project supervisor at an early stage.


6.5.   List of Tables and Figures

Throughout the project, it is likely that you will want to present material in tabulated or diagrammatic form. Some such presentations will bear only indirectly or partially on your arguments, and in such cases you will need to decide about their proper location. Additional or less relevant information may be better placed in an appendix.

Whether you decide to locate your tables/figures in the main body of the report or the appendices, it is conventional to provide special “contents pages” so that readers can easily find the information. Tables and figures should be listed on a separate page as shown below.

Examples of List of Tables




LIST OF TABLES

TABLE                                                                                     PAGE NUMBERS

I           Redundancies in the Food Industry, by age, 1980-1987                                         3

II          Employee’s Attitudes to Motivational Factors,
            by occupation                                                                                                    6

III         Employee’s Attitudes to Motivational Factors,
            by gender                                                                                                                                          7
 
 













 



 



Examples of List of Figures 


LIST OF FIGURES


FIGURES                                                         PAGE NUMBER

I           Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs                                                     5

II          Vroom’s Expectancy Theory                                                       10
 
 






















6.6.   Introduction

The introduction is crucial, since it sets the tone and context for the rest of the project. In the introduction, it is important to outline the reasons behind the study – your motives or rationale for conducting the study. You must give a broad introduction to the topic under review and types of issues it raises.

Central to this part of the project is the setting of clear objectives, which you intend to achieve by the end of the study. Your statement of objectives should be concise and precise, and should be carefully considered in the light of your original aims and what you have been able to achieve in your study.

Finally, you should include a summary of how you are going to treat the chosen topic, running briefly through the sections to show how the structure of the project allows you to explore the topic in your selected way.

6.7.   The Main Body of the Project

The structuring of the project will reflect your preferences, so there is no one best way to do it. However, there are predictable issues that need covering and your structure should permit you to deal with them in an orderly fashion. For example, a project will include a literature review; most will involve the reporting of primary research; all will need to draw conclusions and consider recommendations. Additionally, all projects will include a section outlining, and justifying, the methodology you have adopted and should link research methods to the objectives and literature review.

The main body of the project must take the reader logically through a variety of linked arguments, relating theory and practice, concepts and concrete observations, so that the reader can understand and identify with the conclusions and recommendations of the author.  Your arguments need to be drawn demonstrably from your own observations and grounded in an authoritative set of ideas.  They should not be anecdotal.  Although the arguments should be presented in a tight structured form – using headings at regular intervals to achieve this – they should also have an essential discursive character, i.e. you should fully explore the implications and ramifications of the topic by developing the arguments in a relevant way.

You should ensure that you have covered all the major issues pertinent to the topic by the end of the main body of the project.

Depending on the nature of your project, it might be appropriate to include a summary of your findings before embarking on your conclusions.

6.8 Summary and Conclusion

Your Conclusion should include a summary of your main arguments, drawing together the various themes and issues so that they can be brought to bear on the defined objectives of the study. As with all reports, there should be no new information introduced in this section.  Your Recommendations should be feasible, practical and must place your conclusions within a concrete and practical framework. You need to consider your recommendations in the context of their possible human, financial, political, managerial, etc, implications. Your recommendations should be justified.
6.9 Appendices

You should locate in the appendices all that information which gives an additional, quasi-relevant support to the arguments you are constructing. It is important that you put all the information you require the reader to attend to, in the main body of the text. Appendices should be consistently signified by letter (APPENDIX A, APPENDIX B) or by number (Roman) and give titles that indicate their contents. Do remember to source information in appendices appropriately.


6.10 Bibliography and Referencing

Referencing is necessary to avoid plagiarism, to verify quotations and to enable readers to follow-up and read more fully the cited author’s arguments. Reference is given within the text of the project as well as at the end of the project. The basic difference between citation and a reference list (bibliography) is that the latter contains full details of all the in-text citations.
  • Citation provides brief details of the author and date of publication for referencing the work in the body of the text.
  • Reference List is given at the end of the text and is a list of all references used with additional details provided to help identify each source.

References should be made to sources of material throughout the report. Various conventions are used for referencing but you must use Harvard Referencing, as shown in Appendix A, throughout your report.


Proper referencing is a crucial aspect of your project. You are therefore strongly advised to talk to your supervisor about this, in order to make sure that your project report follows the appropriate referencing system.

7.      TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS OF THE PROJECT

v     The project should be typed on A4 white paper, and be double-line spaced.

v     The left margin should not be less than 40 mm and the right margin not less than 20 mm.

v     All pages should be numbered, and numbers should be placed at the centre of the bottom of the page, not less than 10 mm above the edge.

v     All tables, figures and appendices should be consecutively numbered or lettered, and suitably labelled.

v     3 bound copies & a soft-copy should be handed in to the Principal/Director of your College/Institute at the time of submission.
NOTE:  College in turn would submit Two bound copies of all the projects to the Controller of Examinations along with a consolidated CD containing the soft copy of the projects and the list of project titles sorted on the HT Numbers with linkages to the respective project file. The columns in the list should include HTNO., Name of the Student, Major Elective and the Project Title.  College name and the year should be mentioned on the CD.



8.      PLAGIARISM
Any attempt to copy from another (present or previous) student or to copy large chunks from academic or other sources without appropriately referencing those sources will trigger the full weight of plagiarism procedures. If there is any doubt concerning the authenticity of your work, the university reserves the right to demand an individual presentation before a panel at which you will be required to reply to spontaneous questions.

All the material that relates to your project, including completed questionnaires or tapes from interviews, should be shown to your supervisor and be kept until the examination board has confirmed your results. Do not throw this material away once your project is submitted, as you might be asked to present it as part of the viva voce, before your project results are confirmed.



9.      YOU AND YOUR SUPERVISOR

The supervisor's role is one of guidance - providing advice and pointing out possible problems that may arise. The supervisor's role is to appraise your ideas and work.  You must take overall responsibility for both the content of your project and its management. This includes selection of an appropriate subject area (with the approval of the supervisor), setting up meetings with the supervisor, devising and keeping to a work schedule (to include contingency planning), and providing the supervisor with samples of your work.

It is your responsibility to make contact with your supervisor and arrange meetings at appropriate times. You should use the time with the supervisors wisely.  The students must meet their supervisors for a minimum of four meetings per semester, over the span of the entire project.

You should spread your workload over the entire time available for carrying out your project. Draw up a realistic work schedule with in-built slack to allow for problems.  Be sure you are aware of your specific hand-in dates.


You must exchange contact details with your supervisor, and make sure that he or she has your relevant contact information. Your supervisor will keep a log of meetings with you. After each meeting with your supervisor, you will both sign a student contact and progression form. Note that if the records show that your contact with your supervisor is not good; your project may not be marked.

Be sure you are clear about the assessment criteria for the project. Note that a significant proportion of the grade is allocated to presentation and style. A high level of communication skills is expected. However, it is not within the role or the duties of your supervisor to correct your grammar and syntax.

Your supervisor will comment upon samples of your work but will not pre-mark the whole document, or substantial portions of it. If asked, you must present a sample of your written work prior to a meeting with your supervisor, at an agreed time.  Under no circumstances will your supervisor give you an indication of your expected final grade.

You must keep hard copies of each version of your work, and save copies of the current version on a main and a backup disk (preferably kept apart from each other). Disks should regularly be virus-checked. Also, make sure to keep printed copies of working documents, and the raw data from any questionnaires or other data collection.
10.  A FEW TIPS....

Choose a topic, or an issue, in which you are interested.

Get organised, give yourself time to think about your project. Look at the information available - is there enough information available for you to be able to produce a good project?
Be wary if you are relying upon organisations to provide you with information. They will not give you confidential or sensitive information and you must not expect them to respond as promptly as you would like.

Visit the Library and spend some time looking at previous projects.

With the help of your project supervisor agree on the aims and objectives and the structure of the project as soon as possible.

It is worthwhile investing in some reliable storage devices for storing your project - related documents. Keep at least two copies (updated). Remember to virus check your storage devices.

The final printing and binding of your project can be the most frustrating time. Allow five working days. Numbering pages, re-arranging pagination and putting together the Contents page takes a deal of time – do not underestimate this part of your task. By this time you will have been working on your project for some months - you will be bored with it; you just want to hand it in and move on to the next assignment. So, to save your time and frustration, allow yourself five working days for this part of the task.

Do not underestimate the enormity of the task ahead of you. The key points are to organise your time; make and maintain contact with your supervisor, decide upon your topic and when you have formulated your aims, objectives and structure - get on with it!
Finally, remember to print and keep a copy of the project report for your own use, as no copy of the report submitted will be returned to you.





 



APPENDIX A: Harvard Style Referencing


Referencing is a standardised method of acknowledging sources of information and ideas that you have used in your report in a way that uniquely identifies their source. Direct quotations and figures, as well as ideas and theories, both from published and unpublished works must be referenced.

This appendix provides a brief guide to the Harvard Referencing style.

For Textbooks:

  • In the references and bibliography sections of the Project report, the referencing to material used from text should appear as follows:
The author, year of publication followed by the title of the textbook (in italics), publisher, location of the publisher.
e.g.
Saunders, M. et al (2003), Research Methods for Business Students (3rd edition), Pearson Education, Harlow.

 

·         In the text of the Project report the reference would appear as follows:

………………being identified by Saunders (2003) ……………………

 

 

·         If a direct quote is included in the text the page number where it can be found should also be included while referencing.

e.g.

“When drafting your literature review you therefore need to focus on your research question(s) and objectives.” (Saunders 2003, p47)

 

For journal articles:

 

  • In the references and bibliography sections of the Project report, the referencing to material used from journals should appear as follows:
The author’s name, followed by the title article, journal name in italics, volume number.
e.g.
Storey, J, Cressy, P, Morris, T and Wilkinson, A (1997) ‘ Changing employment practices in UK banking; case studies’, Personnel Review, 26:1, pp24-42.

 

·         In the text of the project report the same reference would appear as follows:

 ………………being identified by Storey et al (1997) and ………….

For websites:

  • In the references and bibliography sections of the Project report, the referencing to material used from websites should appear as follows:
If you are referring to a specific article, it should be detailed as for journal articles as mentioned above, but with the additional information as to where it is available on the Internet.
e.g.
Jones A and Smith A (eds) 2001 ‘What exactly is the Labour Force Survey?’ (online) (cited 20 December 2001).   Available from URL: http//www.statistics.gov.uk/nbase/downloads.theme_labour/what_exactly_isLFS1.pdf

A typical BIBLIOGRAPHY is given hereunder for a better understanding:

Please note that all sources referenced in the main text should also be fully detailed in the reference and bibliography section.



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ANNEXURE – I



DECLARATION

         

          I hereby declare that this Project Report titled __________________________________________ submitted by me to the Department of Business Management, O.U., Hyderabad, is a bonafide work undertaken by me and it is not submitted to any other University or Institution for the award of any degree diploma / certificate or published any time before.





Name and Address of the Student                    Signature of the Student










ANNEXURE – II


CERTIFICATION

       This is to certify that the Project Report title _____________________________________________ submitted in partial fulfilment for the award of MBA Programme of Department of Business Management, O.U. Hyderabad, was carried out by ________________________________ under my guidance.  This has not been submitted to any other University or Institution for the award of any degree/diploma/certificate.




Name and address of the Guide                        Signature of the Guide

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